We reproduce the dynamics of quantum mechanics with a four-dimensional spacetime manifold that is branched and embedded in a six-dimensional Minkowski space. Elementary fermions are represented by knots in the manifold, and these knots have the properties of the familiar particles. We derive a continuous model that approximates the behavior of the manifold's discrete branches. The model produces dynamics on the manifold that corresponds to the gravitational, strong, and electroweak interactions.
Presentation: Physics on a Branched Knotted Spacetime Manifold
Physics on a Branched Knotted Spacetime Manifold
Knot physics: Neutrino helicity
Knot physics: Deriving the fine structure constant
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