Knot Physics
Spacetime is assumed to be a branched 4-dimensional manifold embedded in a 6-dimensional Minkowski space. The branches allow quantum interference; each individual branch is a history in the sum-over-histories. A n-manifold embedded in a n+2-space can be knotted. The metric on the spacetime manifold is inherited from the Minkowski space and only allows a particular variety of knots. We show how those knots correspond to the observed particles with corresponding properties. We derive a Lagrangian. The Lagrangian combined with the geometry of the manifold produces gravity, electromagnetism, weak force, and strong force. Presentation Frequently asked questions page Papers:Knot physics: Spacetime in co-dimension 2
Knot physics: Neutrino helicity
Knot physics: Deriving the fine structure constant
Mathematica notebooks: knot_fine_structure_calculatefine_structure_function verification |